Climax is a figure in which one creates a chain of actions or events, but before proceeding to the next link in the chain, one repeats the preceding link. The figure builds toward a climax, hence the name of the figure.
This week's example of climax comes from Romans 8:29-30.
This one can be recognized in English (NRSV):
Rom. 8:29 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn within a large family.The chain begins at the beginning of verse 29 with God's foreknowledge leading to predestination. Then there is a short break, and the chain picks up again where it left off with predestination, leading to a calling, leading to justification, and finally coming to its climax with glorification.
Rom. 8:30 And those whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified.
This is one of my favorite figures because of the rising tension, the repetition, and finally, the culmination in the climax.
I ask just this question: did Paul just stumble upon this elegant figure? Or, rather, was this a purposeful ordering of words? If so, was it a conscious decision to use a rhetorical figure of speech?